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Promoting well-being involves understanding and coping with how children, adolescents and caregivers’ function in the physical, behavioral, social and cognitive domains. All aspects of child welfare services must incorporate a focus on well-being. Especially in the field of child abuse prevention, addressing the well-being needs of children and families is an important part of reducing risk and enhancing safety and protective factors. This section provides information about protective factors and health for children, adolescents, parents, and caregivers. It also offers resources on marriage, fatherhood and parenting, and building welfare programs and systems.

Justice and inclusion to prevent child abuse and neglect

Protective Factor and Adverse Childhood Experiences

Protective factors and adverse childhood experiences are frames used in prevention efforts to reduce the risk of abuse and prevent recurrence of abuse and neglect by leveraging family strengths and acknowledging traumatic events. It’s work.

Protective factors are conditions or characteristics that, when present in a family or community, enhance the well-being of children and families and reduce the likelihood of abuse. Recognizing protective factors can help parents find resources, support, or coping strategies that enable them to be effective parents even under stress. There are six protective factors.

  • care and bond
  • Knowledge of education and child and youth development
  • parental resilience
  • social connection
  • Specific support for parents
  • Children’s Social and Emotional Capabilities

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE)
ACE is a traumatic event that occurs before a child is 18 years old.

ACE includes:

  • all kinds of abuse and neglect
  • parental substance uses or mental illness
  • parent’s
  • domestic violence
  • divorce


  • Promotion of child and youth welfare

  • Promote well-being of parents and caregivers

  • strengthen the marriage

  • paternity resources

  • Resources for Parents

  • Program and system capacity building


Do you have a child as a single parent or a child as a single mother?

Suggestions for raising a child on your own

Suggestions for raising a child on your own

Suggestions for raising a child on your own

It’s difficult to raise a child on your own. Learn how to cope with pressure, seek assistance, and educate your child if you’re a single parent.

You’re not alone if you’re parenting a child as a single mother or single parent. Families with single parents or single mothers are more common today than they were previously. Learn how to deal with some of the unique obstacles that single-parent families experience, as well as what you can do to raise a happy, healthy child.


Single Parents Face a Lot of Obstacles

Single Parents Face a Lot of Obstacles

In any setting, raising a child can be difficult. There’s a lot more on the line if you don’t have a partner. You may have sole responsibility for all areas of the child’s daily care as a single parent or single mother.

Being a single mom or mother can be challenging.

Being a single mom or mother can be challenging

Being a single mom or mother can be challenging

Being a single parent or single mother can mean more pressure, stress, and exhaustion are all factors that contribute to weariness. If you’re too sleepy or distracted to provide emotional support or be consistent in your child’s disciplinary measures, behavioral issues may occur.

Families with single fathers or mothers typically have lower incomes and fewer healthcare options. Juggling employment and child care can be financially challenging, and it can also lead to social isolation. You’re probably concerned about your child’s lack of a paternal or maternal role model.


Beneficial strategies

Beneficial strategies

To help your single-parent household cope with stress, try these suggestions.

  • Express your feelings of affection. Always remember to compliment your youngster. Give him your undying love and support. Set aside some time to play with, read with, or simply sit with your child.
  • Make a schedule for yourself. Regular meals and rest times, for example, help your child know what to expect.
  • Appoint someone to be in charge of your child’s care. If you need someone to look after your child regularly, seek someone who can provide stimulation in a safe atmosphere. If you need a babysitter, don’t rely on an older child. When entrusting your child’s care to a new acquaintance or partner, proceed with caution.
  • Establish boundaries. Explain to your youngster the rules of the house and your expectations. For instance, he or she will be respectful and uphold the rules. Maintain consistent discipline with the help of your child’s other caretakers. Consider re-evaluating certain boundaries, such as the amount of time your child spends in front of the television if he or she shows that he or she is capable of taking on more responsibility.
  • Don’t feel bad about yourself. Don’t blame yourself or your child for being a single parent.
  • Look after it well. Make physical activity a part of your daily routine, eat a nutritious diet, and get enough sleep. Organize your time so that you may spend it doing things you enjoy, whether alone or with friends. Allow yourself a “break” by arranging for your child’s care to be shared with others for at least a few hours per week.
  • Rely on others for help. Make arrangements with other parents for a ride-sharing program. Participate in a single-parent support group or apply for social services. Solicit assistance from your family, friends, and neighbors. Religious organizations can also be quite beneficial.
  • Maintain a positive outlook. If you’re going through a difficult period, it’s good to be open with your child about it, but reassure them that things will get better and that there will always be a solution. Instead of expecting your child to act like a “little grownup,” give them age-appropriate responsibilities. When confronted with ordinary obstacles, keep a sense of humor.

Keep in mind that single-parent teens have a higher risk of depression and worse self-esteem, according to some studies. Social isolation, feeling sad, lonely, or unloved, disliking one’s looks, impatience, and a sense of dread are all signs and symptoms of depression. Consult your doctor if you observe any of these symptoms in your kid or teen.


Talking to your child about divorce or separation

Talking to your child about divorce or separation

Many single-parent families are formed as a result of a divorce or separation. Tell your youngster about the changes you’re going through if this is the situation in your family. Listen to your child’s sentiments and attempt to honestly answer all of their questions, avoiding superfluous details or unpleasant remarks directed at you as a parent. Remind your child that he played no part in the divorce or separation and that you will always want him.

A counselor can assist you and your child in discussing any issues, anxieties, or doubts you may have. Try to interact with the child’s parent frequently to discuss the child’s care and well-being, as well as to assist the child in adjusting to the situation. Children who perform well after a divorce have parents who keep in touch regarding co-parenting concerns, putting their children’s interests ahead of their wish to avoid the ex-spouse.

If you’re dating, think about how your new relationship will affect your child. Find a partner who will treat you and your child with respect. Before presenting your new spouse to the child, make sure your relationship with the other person is stable.

Explain some of your new partner’s great attributes to the youngster when you’re ready to introduce them. However, don’t expect your child or new spouse to trust each other right away. Allow them to get to know one another and make it obvious that your new partner is not attempting to take the place of your child’s father or mother.


Both male and female role models are needed.

Both male and female role models are needed

Being a single parent while dating is a challenge[/caption]

You may be concerned about your child’s absence of a father or mother figure if their parent isn’t involved in their life. • Look for opportunities to be positive to depict the opposing sex positively. Recognize the accomplishments or favorable traits of members of the opposing sex in your family, community, and even the media. Make no generalized or derogatory remarks about the opposing sex.

  • It disproves unfavorable prejudices about the sexes. Give an example of someone of the opposite gender who defies stereotypes.
  • Include non-coupled people of the opposite sex in your life.

Form positive bonds with responsible persons of the opposite gender who can serve as role models for your child. Demonstrate to your youngster that positive, long-term relationships with persons of the opposite sex are achievable.

Being a solitary person.